Konik, 2010, oplage 22    (uitverkocht)
  Ontwerp in samenwerking met Atelier 152

 														Mijn scriptie HKU Juni 2010 ' Diaspora & Ecologie '
 														Scriptie_MariaDabrowski_2010 Download

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									Documentaire Natura 2000 (De slag om Brussel) VPRO 

	  KONIK – ‘Rewilding process’ (2010)
    “Rewilding Europe aims to rewild one million hectares of land by 2020, creating 10 magnificent wildlife and wilderness areas of international quality”
    These days Heck cattle and Konik horses fill the ecological niches of primeval species that once roamed the deltas and marshland areas. 
    In Konik – ‘Rewilding process’ (2010) I'm questioning the efforts to restore nature to its 'wild' original state as a reaction on how offspring 
    of Konik horses were brought back from Poland to the Netherlands. 
    One of the creators behind this nature conservation approach is ecologist Frans Vera. Briefly, Vera believes that without human influence, 
    there couldn’t grow a dense forest, which means that, unlike the classical theory, it must have been a grassland and semi-open forest ecosystem 
    with grazers. He relies on evidence from found fossil pollen, from 9000 - 6000 BC, which proof the existence of oak trees.  And because the oak 
    can’t sprout in dense forest but only in bright light, he suggests the presence of large grazers that went against emerging trees. In that case; 
    European grasslands have belonged among others to wild horses for thousands of years. 
    In 1982 the Konik, a semi-wild horse of polish origin, was introduced in the Dutch landscapes. The Konik Horse was chosen because of its apparently direct 
    linear derive of the Tarpan, an extinguished wild, steppe horse from southern Russia and Ukraine. Large grazers like Konik horses are good candidates 
    for rewilding nature because while grazing and walking they mix soil, dung and dead plant material, which stimulate the recycling of nutrients. 
    In Their coats, they transport seeds that enable herbs to colonize the area. They have a major positive impact on the environment and its biodiversity. 
    I photographed 22 Konik horses in de Stadswaard in Nijmegen, The Netherlands. In this area these horses participate in a ‘unique program’ of becoming feral.
    Nature organizations are breeding back the horse to its ancestor, by means of a strict ‘naturalization process’. Ironically, during this striving to this 
    self-sufficient ecosystem, every horse gets his own name, has to be timid to people passing by. All horses have to accede behavioural, characteristic and 
    racial aesthetical requirements.
    I approached this subject on purpose in a Utopian visual way; the animal as a part of ‘free’ nature. Contrasting to this, I used all the facts, information 
    I could get about those horses (Hairs for DNA, Microchips, descriptions and so on) All the materials, come together in the book;  Konik, ‘Rewilding process’ (2010)